To argue about politics is different from deliberation or consensus building in that a person who argues is primarily interest in defeating one's opponents.

In many Western Democracies, the competition between political parties tends to reinforce arguing, since candidates can rarely win votes by admiting that their opponents have something of value to say. Good government, however, requires deliberation - where individuals or representatives constructively compare and discuss positions to improve them, and ultimately to increase the changes that the group can make the best choice for everyone.

In Open Politics, according to the IPA system, an argument is made for or against a position.

For more on how arguments are used in Open Politics, see argument.