Preston Manning was the populist founder of the Reform Party of Canada which contented the Canadian federal election, 1993 and Canadian federal election, 1997. It later voted to dissolve and become the Canadian Alliance under Stockwell Day which contended the Canadian federal election, 2000. Its next leader Stephen Harper merged it in late 2003 with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada to form a single Canadian federal political party: the Conservative Party of Canada. Harper had in fact been very closely involved with Reform since its beginning, and created most of its initial strategy and policy documents which took rather a more libertarian tone than Manning's original work.

becoming blue greenish?

Noting the rise of green politics, Manning later wrote a notable paper], Can genuine conservation and economic conservatism ce reconciled? This paper clearly endorsed such concepts as full cost accounting and preferring abolishing dirty subsidy to incentives to "green industry". It however put more emphasis on costs of enforcement measures:

  • "But full cost accounting and pricing must cut both ways. If a new environmental protection measure (like Kyoto) is proposed in response to public demand, this too must be fully costed out (never done in the case of Kyoto), and the public must understand that this cost too will ultimately be incorporated in the prices of the goods and services affected. Once again, if the cost proves to be too high, the public will and should seek other alternatives."

These arguments resemble those of the Copenhagen Consensus.

Some have interpreted Manning's comments as a bald rejection of any plan to deal with climate change, whose worst impacts tend to be elsewhere in the world but which affect local prices. It's estimated that the Kyoto protocol would add no more than ten cents per barrel of oil, but drastically more to Tar Sands extracted oil which is considerably dirtier in human health terms (and already more expensive in all ways) to extract and refine. Under a complete triple bottom line regret analysis, many such oil sources would simply become impractical to access.

Manning's positions are still widely debated. They definitely had the effect of putting the eco-capitalist approach on the agenda of the Conservative Party of Canada, which was their main intent.