The Panopticon prison design by Jeremy Bentham expressed an 18th century ideal of the God's Eye View and nobility of authority. In his design all cells were see-through, allowing no privacy at all. A single warden, invisible in a cage at the very centre of the prison, equipped with telescopes, could see at all times what everyone was doing, in detail. But the warden's attention and activities would remain invisible.

Michel Foucault generalized this model into what he called the carceral state: a whole society modelled on the prison, and making it easy for authority to find out what everyone was doing, while making it impossible for anyone to find out what authority was doing.

Steve Mann later applied this analysis to worn devices and attempted in several notable experiments to determine how authority reacted when cameras were turned back on it. Usually this was strongly resisted.

The carceral model is alive and well in the UK Local Issues Forum Guidebook, e-democracy.org Forum Rules, memeio, and other online deliberation projects. They are in stark contrast to the wiki best practices employed in open politics itself in which the focus is not on identity, but on issues. See identity theft is normal for an elaboration.
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