To troll (verb) is to vex, annoy, harry and otherwise make life difficult for someone, either by criticising their ideas, activites or theri person (an ad hominem attack))

For better or for worse trolling is a common practice in all political activities, and many rules and roles are created to constrain the behavior. In legislatures, back bench representatives often have no function except to be trolls. Political campaigns, as per politics as usual frequently decend to mud slinging. The usefulness of trolling is often debated under other issues:

stay friendly

Representative democracy seems to rely entirely on the troll to block bad measures supported by a majority. It follows that in any participatory democracy the (trolls take a leading role in elaborating the dissensus - also called a minority opinion.

Unexperienced politicos often stomp on trolls far too early. Some theories of wiki etiquette assume that any trolling is bad, but fail to define what trolling "is", which encourages the unaccountable use of authority to censor debate. Today most wiki best practices tend to be somewhat troll-friendly and defend trolls who are being constructive, if not polite.

respond to trolls

The ways to respond to troll are

trolls (noun, plural)

Trolls claim that to engage in trolling is common, frequent and necessary. Also that engaging one tends to simply cause two people, previously human, to "become trolls" in the sense of the mythological creature. This is an appealing notion, since they would then tend to appear only in pairs, and only because of a common behaviour they engaged in. By contrast to allow a single person to be dismissed as "a troll" almost always becomes a power struggle and an abuse, so, use of this term in singular as a noun may be ill-advised.

Proud trolls have coined various related verbs like patroll,controll, adjectives like trollish, and nouns like trolletariat and new troll point of view. ''A yahoogroup is devoted to that: newtroll