In academic and journalistic and encyclopedic forms of discourse, a source is a provider of credible evidence.

This is a Living Platform definition on the list of process terms. It is one layer of the TIPAESA structure.

For software or document issues see source code. 'This page helps to disambiguates several other pages.

to cite

To cite sources is the most common requirement in evidence/source/authority disputes.

Cite links extend TIPA structures to full TIPAESA and should be added whenever evidence is challenged.

vs. credibility

A source is a provider of credible evidence - see evidence/source/authority. It is one layer of the TIPAESA structure. A source makes evidence credible or not, and in so doing makes any argument credible or not via that evidence. This in turn backs positions that may be taken with the strength of that argument.

to keep confidential

Many conventions apply to sources, their confidentiality, anonymizing, and credentials. For instance it is common in journalism to use credentialed attribution like "a scientist in Health Canada" if a person must claim the credential to gain credibility but must keep their identity secret and avoid public comment by civil servants on confidential matters. Journalists protect sources both as an ethical choice and a matter of professional trust - if they reveal a source that was promised anonymity then they risk losing any access to priveleged information in future from those who fear the journalists will do that again.

Sometimes, only a full revealing of the author's identity will do to claim source credibility. In this case a major decision must be made - drop the issue or be marked as a so-called "whistleblower". See Accountable and Transparent Government for how to solve this problem.