science license

An open content science license is being developed at sciencecommons.org. It takes the form of an additional clause added to an existing scientific journal release for publication.

A more comprehensive from-scratch approach was broached at wiki.creativecommons.org in 2004, as "a potential candidate for a future Creative Commons license".

"All who have followed the scientific method and provided documentation of that would be able to make derivative works under Share Alike terms. Others could cite (not just quote] and distribute the work as is" via tools like citeseer "but would be subject to a NoDerivs restriction, as their derivative works would not advance science, and any such derivatives would have the potential to distort the original."

"The only additions that would be allowed would be standard scientific transactions such as:
  • adding a comment, question, or issue in peer review in the context of an anticipated journal or conference publication
  • linking experimental apparatus details or questions or descriptions - so that the apparatus used in reproducing an experiment could be compared
  • linking other work that should be cited whether to add evidence for the hypothesis or provide points to challenge
  • answering to such points raised in cited works or reproduced experiments or peer review, which need not always be done by the original author(s) but could be done by other peers, etc.

Questionable scientific practices would however be forbidden:
  • narrowing or (especially) broadening the hypothesis after the results have been analyzed - rather than doing new experiments - to make it appear that the results validated a pre-existing hypothesis rather than prompting a new one
  • removing citations to credible works with conflicting results
  • removing peer review comments that question the method or practices or evidence
  • removing evidence of prior publication attempts and review
  • removing evidence that casts a bad light on a sponsor or a commercial product of a sponsor, e.g. as in pharmaceuticals
  • adding authors who did not perform the actual lab work or propose the hypotheses
  • removing authors who did perform the actual lab work or propose the hypotheses