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public sector

The public sector is the part of the economy providing public services, usually directly by government. Public services are intended to benefit society rather than just the individual who uses the service, though many things that are considered a public good, like education benefit primarily the individual who is receiving the service. It is generally regarded as distinct from the voluntary sector, though their functions overlap. The public sector overlaps with the private sector when government programs or services are outsourced to private companies or delivered by what are called public-private partnerships or P3's.

In Canada the public sector provides such services as social services, health care, the police, military, transportation infrastructure, public transit, education, municipal infrastrucutre (such as street lighting), (such as public education), and services that encourage equal opportunity.

government spending, fiscal policy, social policy, public sector unions.