mechanistic paradigm

The mechanistic paradigm is a mindset that life is machine-like, that things in the environment around humans are more like machines than they probably are. It was more common in the 19th century but is also common in Upper Canada and other bad places. This is a set of loosely related beliefs that affects all sciences and politics and economics. It expresses itself many ways as assumptions:
  • that life can perhaps be duplicated or enhanced most readily by making it more machine-like
  • that a human law should tend to be more like a law of nature

"Economics is often said to "suffer from" assumptions of the mechanistic paradigm. Sometimes those who believe in neoclassical economics and also in the mechanistic paradigm say they "seek to unify physics and economics," as if people and particles behaved as two examples of the same kind of thing." This seems simply foolish.

The embodiment, cognitive and postmodern mindsets are all rejections of the mechanistic view. But it persists especially among technicians:

"Technology is often easier to make if people accept a mechanistic paradigm - but it may be harder to say why it does not work, if one believes in these ideas. For instance, creating diagnostic trees might be easier if one works from experience, not from an idea of how a technology should or must work."

Refer link simple english: wikipedia: mechanistic paradigm for a more general view that describes its impact on the sciences.