A frame, in the language of both databases and psychology, is a set of assumptions or beliefs that tend to "frame" or "limit" other beliefs in the same domain of thought.

relation to ontology

In artificial intelligence theory a frame is a set of assumptions about the causality of any events analyzed within the frame. While it is possible to state correlation links objectively based on statistics, to do this for causes is much harder and not in general part of the scientific method. Judea Pearl's theory of algebra of doing is a proposed way of achieving this, however. Thomas Homer-Dixon laid out a theory of styles of causality.

In these terms, frames constitute a weak ontology that tends to become stronger as the concept of causes implied within them becomes more and more an unchallenged basis for decision making. Even if debate is permitted on the validity of the frame, if it is used to make high human impact decisions, then, it's strong in the sense of deference if not in the sense of inference. If it becomes impossible to debate a topic without the frame being re-introduced, such as there being no way to challenge single command hierarchy assumptions without it being labelled "anarchism", then, the ontology is strong with respect also to references, and it becomes difficult to alter anyone's belief.

deep or shallow

According to Metaphors We Live By, once such beliefs are embedded they tend to become assumed in the ontological metaphors used in daily conversation:

A deep frame is one that operates on a mostly subconcious level to influence the conceptual metaphors used in debates.

George Lakoff was the first to elaborate a theory of deep framing applied to politics itself, in Moral Politics.

The dkosopedia debate on Red, Green, Blue wings of a political party is an example of the type of analysis required on explicit frames that can become deep by constant re-use in rhetoric.

cataloguing them

The dkosopedia FrameTank, defines a frame as:
Concise line, can rely on specific understandings of individual words or phrases.
100-200 word (one page) statement
A paragraph? A series of haiku?
500-1000 words statement
An essay.
10-50 Pages statement
A paper.
Book Length
Links to books said to epitomise the ideology of the frame. What an honor.

organizing them

The dkosopedia is concerned with shallow frames - see MemeTank - and deeper ones in its FrameTank:

"The idea of the frame tank is to create representations for ideas at several levels of complexity and density, limited at least initially purely by length... The notion is a single idea, states in differing numbers of words, engaging different techniques." - dkosopedia FrameTank

fixing them

The dkosopedia FrameShop is a list of examples of how to fix frames that are not suggesting the correct courses of action or useful conceptual metaphors to readers.

At openpolitics.ca itself, the list of policy terms and all citizen initiatives is very mature and ready to support a wide range of political positions.