Human brainwaves are directly visible in functional magnetic resonance images - essential movies of the brain.

alpha wave

beta wave

other waves

left prefrontal cortext

The left prefrontal cortex of a master meditator is so profoundly and obviously altered by their choice to feel a state of "loving kindness" or focus on compassion, as evidence by such studies, that there is no longer a serious question whether brainwaves reflect human concious activity.

The question remains, however, who is actually "human" in the sense of being able to alter their state of mind with a deliberate discipline, and who chooses to remain "animal" - constrained, limited, and guided only by their environment.

sorting out losers

One aspect of the usefulness of trolling may be to determine who reacts, and who responds, to the stress.

In Dune (novel) by Frank Herbert, the dominant sect of genetic engineers of humanity used a test called a "Gom Jabbar" to determine who was capable of choice in their responses (and thus fit to provide genetic material into a key noble house) and who should die instead.

A drill sargeant probably employs a similar political methodology.

Given the relationship of contemplative traditions and disciplines to depression, and the ability of brainwave studies to discover these capable of achieving happiness set points very much higher than others, and accordingly discover calm, it seems likely that brainwaves will be very much more under the control of each human individual:

anyone can control

Buddhists advise avoiding depression by discipline, to remain in a happy state by focusing on compassion:

Buddhist Lamas liken the state of the mind to that of the oceans: very deep but capable of being disturbed only on the surface. They emphasize "inner freedom" from anger, pride, jealousy, and other cravings. This was validated scientifically by study of addiction. In this view, brainwaves are likened to ocean waves, and reflect a much deeper sentient resonance of happiness:

The Dalai Lama's book The Art of Happiness includes some advice on control of the mind. There is also the observation of a random Buddhist monk who when asked if the practices amounted to brainwashing:

  • "oh, yes - mind very dirty - must wash every day!"

towards Play Ethic

Most of the use of this new knowledge of happiness as a discipline today seems to focus on Gross National Happiness and achieving specific workplace and personal social goals. See Play Ethic for one direction this research takes.