adversarial process

An adversarial process is one in which there are roles whose job or duty is to contradict each other.

Some examples are

Any adversarial process relies on positions, for which there is evidence, which is admitted/vetted by an authority.

These may employ standard positions like "the defendant is guilty of..." a crime and "the defendant is not guilty of..." the same crime. Each position has an advocate who does not change their mind.

Both sides may examine the same evidence and neither may withhold "its own" evidence from the other. This permits them to make different arguments using it to back their positions. It also permits them to challenge the source by which the evidence was conveyed or the authority that says it matters.

At the end of the process a full issue/position/argument structure can be created, with evidence/source/authority for those points that have been challenged. That is the final TIPAESA structure.

To refer link en: wikipedia: adversarial process.