World Mayors and Municipal Leaders Declaration on Climate Change, 2005-12-07

This was the final ICLEI version of the Montreal declaration, which built on the 6C declaration.

It was followed up immediately by proposals for an urban best practice exchange agreement, 2005-12-08 and the ICLEI Declaration of Commitment, 2006-03-03 at ICLEI World Congress 2006 which approved the ICLEI Strategic Plan 2007-2012 and committed to ICLEI Triple Bottom Line report and ecoBudget.

World Mayors and Municipal Leaders Declaration on Climate Change http://www.iclei.org/index.php?id=2447 Editors notes added in italics as required.

Fourth Municipal Leaders Summit on Climate Change
On the Occasion of the
United Nations Climate Change Conference
(COP 11 and COP/MOP 1)
7 December, 2005, Montreal, Canada

1.0 We, mayors and municipal leaders from around the world meeting at the Fourth Municipal Leaders Summit on Climate Change submit a statement of solidarity as stewards of the Earth and agree that:
  • Climate change is a major global challenge requiring urgent and concerted action and collaboration by all orders of government; and that,
  • Climate change discussions, negotiations and actions are best informed by scientific evidence such as that provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) with a particular focus on vulnerable continents and populations; and that,
  • Municipal leaders have the extraordinary ability to change the current trend of global warming; and that,

If substantial cooperation is exercised among all orders of government the resulting actions can be leveraged to realize the deep reductions needed to move toward climate stabilization.

2.0 We, mayors and municipal leaders, recognize that:

2.1 Local governments play a critical role to effectively reduce human induced greenhouse gas emissions knowing that the sustainable CO2 emission rate for human-kind is 0.5 tonnes eCO2 per capita annually based on six billion inhabitants (IPCC).

2.2 Sustainable development and climate change are interdependent as articulated in the UN Millennium Development Goals.

2.3 Local policies and actions will meet or exceed targets set by sub national and national governments to effect deep reductions and lead other sectors to execute the same.

2.4 Climate change impacts like floods, drought, water availability and quality, extreme heat, air pollution and infectious disease pose grave danger to public health and many local governments are already experiencing these effects.

2.5 The linkage between urban and rural communities driven by current development patterns offers opportunities to pursue poverty alleviation and mitigate inequitable impacts affected by climate change.

2.6 The buying power of local governments can accelerate the application and accessibility of clean technologies in the marketplace including renewable energy options. The ICLEI Declaration of Commitment, 2006-03-03, three months later, committed ICLEI members to sustainable procurement.

2.7 The planet is warming. More severe and extreme weather events necessitate urgent action to ensure adequate mitigation and adaptation measures be taken to protect public health, strengthen infrastructure, apply appropriate urban and regional development plans, and advance economic development. This included "promoting local agendas for peace and security;disaster risk by building more resilient communities and cities" in the ICLEI Declaration of Commitment, 2006-03-03.

3.0 We, mayors and municipal leaders, commit to the following actions:

3.1 Implementation of policies and operational changes that, acknowledging the differential access to resources between cities in developed and developing countries, will achieve the emission reduction targets set forth in the International Youth Declaration of 30% by 2020 and 80% by 2050 based on 1990 levels, building upon the actions already taken by local governments that committed to a 20% reduction by 2010.

3.2 Establishing a system of accountability on these actions by reporting to the Conference of the Parties and Meeting of the Parties annually through 2012 detailing progress towards the targets. The ICLEI Strategic Plan 2007-2012 specified the ecoBudget and ICLEI Triple Bottom Line report as mechanisms, and proposed ICLEI members use these to "calculate our ecological footprint" in time for "ICLEI World Congress 2009, to raise awareness of the footprint of ICLEI as a whole."

3.3 Using uniform mechanisms to measure reductions for comparative analysis and verification. See ISO 19011, ecological indicator and ISO 14064 specifically focused on GHG emission measurement.

3.4 Improving and advancing the exchange of data monitoring, skills, technologies, methods, tools, public education and experiences to achieve emissions reductions, with specific reference to developing countries. See best practice exchange, the proposed Civic Efficiency Collaborative, and the proposed first step: urban best practice exchange agreement, 2005-12-08, which as of 2006-03 had not been approved by ICLEI.

3.5 Minimization of the dependence on fossil fuel energy through shifting to sustainable land use that:

3.6 Advancing partnerships and collaboration with national and sub national governments, non-governmental organizations, corporate and industrial sectors, as well as non-governmental organizations and community groups, in order to multiply reduction potential.

4.0 We, mayors and municipal leaders, request that:

4.1 Local governments be recognized by the Conference of the Parties for the actions they have implemented and are continuing, tangibly to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, we request from the UNFCCC an allocation be granted to all Major Groups to strengthen and enhance an annual input process specific to local governments prior to future COP/MOP meetings.

4.2 National and sub-national governments: recognize the fundamental role of local governments in mitigating and adapting to climate change; partner with them to enhance their technical, human and financial capacity and legislative authority; and fully engage them when making strategic decisions on climate change policies.

4.3 Global trade regimes, credits and banking reserve rules be reformed to advance debt relief and incentives to implement polices and practices that reduce and mitigate climate change. See monetary reform and trade reform.

4.4 All national and sub-national governments commit to a process to negotiate an international climate change regime with deep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions enacted by 2012. See Beyond Kyoto.

4.5 National and sub-national governments ensure that local governments have the opportunity to participate in emissions trading in accordance with evolving domestic and international trading systems.

ICLEI's Montreal Summit data