status: Royal Assent 29th June, 2000, formerly bill C-26
An Act to give effect to the requirement for clarity as set out in the opinion of the Supreme Court of Canada in the Quebec Secession Reference
The Clarity Act sets out the circumstances by which the federal government would negotiate with a province that intended to succeed from Canada. In short, the Clarity Act reserves for the House of Commons the right to determine whether a genuine will to succeed exists in a province or not, and claims an obligation of the federal government to protect the rights of citizenship of Canadians in all provinces. The separatist movement in Quebec has rejected the limitations on the right to succeed, in favor of a simple majority in a provincial referendum on sovereignty.
Statutes of Canada - Justice Department.