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theocracy

Theocracy is a form of government in which a religion and the government are allied.

In a theocracy the majority of power in the state is held by the leaders of the dominant religion and religious law? takes precendence over secular or common law. Governmental policies are either identical with or strongly influenced by the principles of a religion (often the majority religion), and typically, the government claims to rule on behalf of God or a higher power, as specified by the local religion. However, unlike other forms of government, a theocracy can be unique in that the administrative hierarchy of government is often identical with the administrative hierarchy of a religion. This distinguishes a theocracy from forms of governments which have a state religion or from traditional monarchies in which the head of state claims that his or her authority comes from God.

A more literal term for what is commonly meant by "theocracy" is "ecclesiocracy," which denotes the rule of a religious leader or body in the name of God, as opposed to the literal rule of God."


Source:
Theocracy(external link) - Wikipedia.


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