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resolve dispute

There is a vast literature and praxis? on how to resolve disputes of various severities and in all contexts of human effort.

most urgent problem


Since at least the Cold War?, it has been obvious to all informed observers that disputes between human beings have the potential to destroy the biosphere in which all known higher forms of life exist. Accordingly, it is the ability to retrain from technological escalation of a conflict using all available tools at human disposal (i.e. global thermonuclear war?) that preserves all that life.

Mastery of the skills to de-escalate? and do decision making without continual reference to technological options or threats is thus central to the survival of all life. The Four Pillars represent this theory as it has been applied to politics, to resolve this urgent problem of peacemaking?.

depth of disputes


Bernard Crick's theory of ethics is that ethical decisions arise directly from moral conflict and that moral reasoning? of each individual party is far less important in the outcome than the means of confrontation and de-escalation. For instance, an issue challenge is a better means than a whisper war? or echo chamber? to establish the truth of an assertion, if only because of its transparency.

Crick's theory holds that politics differs from ethics only in that the decisions and human impact? are public and to resolve the disputes requires involving the public, if only to defer to the outcome. For instance there are many observers of debate in a representative democracy.

All parties must agree at least not to fight the result of parliamentary? process to the point of causing a civil war?. A representative may violently oppose other views and may reflect those who even more violently oppose those views - politics manages violence? by definition. However, all parties are expected to accept the outcome of democracy as a simulation of the fight that would result were there no adversarial process to simulate it.

What distinguishes a political dispute is this potential for imminent violence if not all views are heard.

types of resolution


  • arbitration?
  • mediation?
  • lawsuit?

scale of disputes


diplomatic disputes


trade disputes


national policy disputes



political party internal disputes


See political party governance, e.g. GPC Council Crisis


other major life-changing disputes


professional ethics and judgement disputes


internal large-organization disputes


internal small-organization disputes


e.g. issue challenge: Hubley v Pilling

minor disputes


petty disputes


childish disputes



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