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political reform

Proposals for political reform usually seek to change the way that political power is achieved, how laws are made, and how politicians act. They may affect any of:

  • electoral reform to change the way citizens elect? or recall? representatives, e.g. term limit?s
  • more general democratic renewal? that may alter other aspects of public decision making such as introducing a referendum or changing the voting age?
  • constitutional reform? to change the fundamental instutions of government.
  • parliamentary reform? to change how laws are made in a parliamentary system?
  • administrative reform? to change the regulations or actions reguarding unelected officials?.
  • tax reform to change the way citizens are taxed.
  • proposals to reform how political parties work.
  • who has eligibility to vote
  • the effect of bribes, coercion, conflicts of interest? or corruption on politics.
  • freedom of information to reduce the secrecy by which government operates.

[+] uniqueness, copying, staging

[+] typical historical sequence of reforms

anticipated future reforms


It is obviously more difficult to predict future political reforms.

In Creating a New Civilization - The Politics of the Third Wave?, 1994, Alvin? and Heidi Toffler? argue (supported by Newt Gingrich who wrote the foreword), argue that future reform to liberal democracy will tend to:
  • semi-direct democracy with the elected representative? increasingly in the mediator? rather than decision maker? role
  • minority power? recognizing that many minorities now have rights and power and determination to disrupt society even when laws fully reflect a clear majority view
  • decision division? to generally decentralize? and empower the most local decision maker, though in some cases (such as climate change, fishery?, biodiversity or slavery?) it may be necessary to globalize? a decision and make it collectively at the UN or as a trade bloc?.

Other concerns likely to be reflected in future political reforms include:
  • political privacy? - possibly implemented with blind credential?s - in an age where subtle and deliberate targetting of people for their views is easier and could be done by any state or powerful corporate entity
  • limiting some Troll Age tactics such as negative campaigns, political identity theft? and hacktivism?.
  • more transparent government purchasing? to validate that the way a state spends citizen's money reflects those citizens' values and does not propagate processes that the citizens themselves believe are responsible for conflict or harm to others they care about


freedoms, politics as usual, civics as usual




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