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law of nature

A law of nature, observed by science in the natural world, is both falsifiable and not ever falsified. Several principle?s apply, whose names have been adopted and attached to similar or related implications for society and politics. The belief that physical or mechanical principles directly apply to human life or ethics is sometimes called the mechanistic paradigm.

Principle of Universality
The Principle of universality? says that all laws of nature must work the same way everywhere.

In politics it is often interpreted as meaning that all citizens of a region or nation or the world have the same rights and obligations.

Principle of Causality
Causality states that causes must exist for all effects, and must come before the effects they produce. This principle has been observed to be broken by some effects in quantum mechanics?, and may be the weakest of the principles or laws. Deep and rigorous investigation of causality as a principle is relatively recent.

In politics a model of causality is usually called an ideology, e.g. the left-wing?ers may assume poverty causes crime, while right-wing?ers often assume crime causes poverty.

Law of Extrema
Simply put, the Law of Extrema states that all natural processes act to extremize (maximize or minimize) a physical quantity.

Similar ambitions are often advanced for economics, but there is no evidence that maximizing or minimizing numbers has any effect on well-being. Rather, most ethical tradition?s emphasize a need for balancing and limiting unmeasurable stresses is much more important to achieving peace of mind?, happiness and quality of life.

Conservation of Matter and Energy
In general, conservation means that in an isolated system a given physical quantity does not change with time.

In economics and politics there are no truly isolated systems smaller than the biosphere, and even that is mostly a sort of abstraction. This principle may simply not be relevant to living systems on a measurable or manageable scale, but the idea of the arcology was popular at one point when it was believed to be: the Biosphere II? project was an example of an attempt to use the conservation principle.''

Law of Entropy
The Law of Entropy then states that, in any real-world situation, entropy irreversibly increases for an isolated system.




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