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electoral system

The Canadian federal electoral system uses first past the post selection of MP?s, one per federal electoral district?.

Most electoral reform proposals would move it to a multi-member electoral district or mixed member proportional? scheme as employed by most countries. Only the US?, UK?, India? and Canada? still use FPTP as the sole means to elect MP?s. Refer link en: wikipedia: electoral system(external link) for general overviews of systems], and specific comparison of abstract voting system(external link) models.

federal system


See CA electoral reform of the federal system.

A separate issue, Senate reform, covers a shift proposed by Stephen Harper to elected Senators and alternatives to this approach.

provinces and major municipalities


Similarly, the provinces of Canada? and some major municipal government?s - many of which are larger than the smaller provinces - have considered similar reforms:

  • NL electoral reform? referendum is unscheduled
  • NS electoral reform? referendum is unscheduled
  • PE electoral reform? has failed
  • NB electoral reform? referendum is unscheduled
  • QC electoral reform? is of limited scope
  • ON electoral reform?
  • TO electoral reform?
    • Toronto is considering instant runoff? for Mayor of Toronto, the post elected by the largest number of people in the country
  • MB electoral reform? referendum is unscheduled
  • SK electoral reform? referendum is unscheduled
  • AB electoral reform? has not been initiated
  • BC electoral reform? remains unresolved
    • British Columbia electoral reform referendum, 2005 received over 57% support from 77/79 constituencies but this was not enough to satisfy an extremely high threshold of approval; meanwhile a false majority? government was elected with two competing parties holding 51% of the vote - some civil chaos ensued - see BC teachers strike, 2005? and Julian West.


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