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compares 2004 Canadian federal party platforms

LP compared or compares 2004 Canadian federal party platforms at party platform comparison and also as follows:

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<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
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<TD><P>
<b>Parties’ Priorities and Platforms </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
June 1st 2004
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<TD><P>
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<i>. </i>
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<TD><P>
<i>Themes </i>
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<TD><P>
Liberal
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Conservative
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Bloc
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<TD><P>
NDP
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Green Party
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<b>Environment:</b><i> </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
11 years in power: a very disappointing record. The Liberals have flip-flopped on Kyoto, axed the budget for Environment Canada, and addressed pollution reduction only with voluntary approaches. Liberal policy is not guided to prevent disasters and pollution; commitments have been minimal.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Burn, chop and pave? The Conservatives make few references to environmental policy.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
The Bloc's policy initiatives are limited by narrow focus on Quebec
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Feeling pressure from the Green Party, the NDP has made many environmental promises. Layton proposes a Crown corporation for clean energy, energy renovations, and subsidies for fuel efficient cars. NDP record in provincial governments is that many environmental commitments are broken.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Environmental Sustainability is integrated into all Green Party policies. Special emphasis is placed on ecological tax reform, pollution prevention, national standards for resource industries and bio-regional stewardship. Green Parties in Europe are credited with crafting Europe's superior environmental polices.
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Renewable Energy </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Promises to invest in wind energy and quadruple capacity. In 5 years to have 5%energy from renewables. The Suziki foundation recommends at least a 10% target for the next 3 years.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Will develop wind energy. Still supports some high-impact energy like: hydroelectricity, off-shore oil
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Will change the tax structure to promote renewables, establish a Crown corporation for renewables, and introduce an emissions credit system.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Use carbon taxes to pay for incentive programs incentive to speed transition to low-impact renewables, and reduce demand with conservation programs and infrastructure changes.
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Technology/ Innovation </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
reluctance to use most effective environmental technology. Prefer short-term and lower cost yet ineffective investments i.e.. Sydney tar ponds clean up
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy
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<TD><P>
will invest in the wind turbine industry
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
some efforts through tax incentives and government subsidy and legislation-
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
tax, loans, and R&D help to promote environmental technology and phase out polluting one i.e.. Fossil fuel, nuclear.
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Meeting Kyoto Protocol Targets </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
In favor - but has failed to articulate a plan
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
No- promises to scrap Kyoto and questions the science behind global warming. Does not want a strategy that calls for reducing greenhouse gases.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
In favor - but keeping Quebec's priorities on top
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
In favor - but no plan to move beyond oil-dependant infrastructure.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
In favor - promotes need to reduce emissions by 50%
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Gas Taxes for Transit </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
No increase or decrease. Will give 5 cents per litre to municipalities amounting to $2b over next 5 years to municipalities- to be used for roads and other infrastructure.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Will remove GST from federal excise tax on gasoline. Will remove GST portion of gas prices above 85 cents. Will give 3 cents per litre to municipalities, can be used for roads.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Abolish 1.5cent per litre federal gas tax and leave the open tax space at the provinces discretion to finance public transport. Impose a surtax on large oil company profits
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
No plans to reduce or increase. Will give 5 cents per litre amounting to $2billion immediately to municipalities. Use tax funds for public transport, pedestrian and cycling infrastructure.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Increase 10 cents a litre tax on fuel- phased in over 3 years. Implement a carbon tax on gasoline, diesel, and coal. Exclude ethanol blends and biodiesels from fuel tax
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Resource conservation </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Is secondary to resource exploitation
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
lowest priority, not if it imposes costs on businesses. Fight for more commercial incentives for provinces exploiting non-renewables: Atlantic provinces and Alberta.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
not a priority- proposes to assist logging industry; will implement sustainable fishing.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Has water and biodiversity considerations- but narrow human provision approach and lack of ecosystem-friendly management would make efforts superficial.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
major priority- increasing ecosystem understanding and interdependence characteristics when implementing conservation policy
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Label GMO Ingredients in our Food? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Voluntary only
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<TD><P>
No
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<TD><P>
Yes
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<TD><P>
Yes
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<TD><P>
Yes
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Holistic versus isolated approach </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
isolated
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
marginal
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
isolated
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<TD><P>
isolated
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<TD><P>
holistic
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</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Historical Record </i>
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<TD><P>
slashed fund to Environment ministry, has left Canada with worse environmental record than the US
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
lack of understanding and interest on environmental issues- refer to Ontario, BC, Alberta provincial governments; favour established and powerful business over conservation.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
sovereignty issues have gotten in the way of boundary-less environmental objectives
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Manitoba and Saskatchewan NDP govts have cut their environmental budget, promoted conventional polluting industry, infrastructure, jobs. NDP BC allowed massive logging in Clayoquot Sound, in Ontario with the Temagami forests, and in NS by defending coal mine jobs.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
based on other country's experience, a green government could offer new economic opportunities and a more resilient base for a sustainable future
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
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<b>Health Care: </b>
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<TD><P>
Liberal focal point. Relied on health care t and ignore Liberal scandals and failures. Health Care should be a prime issue but there is more to Canada than that.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Insist on accountability under national Health Accord
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Quebec preferential programs. Independent program for Quebec.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
not-for-profit theme, restore federal funding to 25%
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<TD><P>
Preventive approach, include alternative medicine in mainstream programs
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<TD><P>
<i>-Budget </i>
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<TD><P>
$8-9 billion over 5 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$13 billion over next 5 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
increase transfers to Quebec, increase spending
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$27.9billion over next 4 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Preventive programs? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no- plans are mostly designed for next 5 years. Solutions have emphasized more prescription drugs and after-illness care
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no. health platform focuses on short-term changes (5 year-span) reducing costs, prescription drugs.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
some mention of health prevention- lifestyle approach, but it is not the central theme.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
some mention of prevention. Focus more on prescription drugs. Preventive measures include- exercise programs, food & nutrition watch, links to environmental health, and social conditions i.e. Housing.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
focus on preventive methods- food & nutrition, active living, harmonious relationship with the environment, reduce work stress
</P></TD>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Priorities </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
home-cares, pharmacare, fast-track health accreditation for immigrants, shorter waiting times, better crises-management
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
pharmacare, faster drug prescription, support pharmaceuticals in drug research, no embryonic research
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
work within Quebec programs, eliminate federal Health Council. Make medication more affordable.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
not-for-profit. Health as a 'right'. Reduce costs and help lower-income patients, reduce waiting times, reduce patent lengths, immigrant accreditation, phase-in pharmacare, make drugs more accessible
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
as above- preventive methods, include alternative medicine in the public system
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>Include rural problems? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- tackle rural health care crises
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
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<TD><P>
<b>Military: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$20 b cuts to military since 1993. Following Harper's stance, promises to increase funding and size of the army by 8000 soldiers.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
high priority
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<TD><P>
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<TD><P>
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<TD><P>
Tightly co-ordinate Defence, Foreign Affairs and Development work towards a Peace and Sustainability vision.
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-How much is the military budget? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$600 mil increase over 5 years. Currently budget is $13.5b per year
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
In the short term increase by $1.6b totaling $15.1b/year. In the medium term increasing to $19.6b, eventually hoping to commit 2% of GDP to defence- about another $11.5b.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
critical of past expenditure increases, wants more control on the utilization of the budget
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
348 million over next 4 years for crime protection. Redistribute budget to increase peace-keeping missions and military salaries.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Would add $1 billion per year to new International Affairs and Global Security Agency.
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Peace-keeping versus interventionist/ defensive functions </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
mixed role
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
interventionist- support Iraq war; ally more with the US; increase substantially military and police personnel
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
peace-keeping
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
peace-keeping
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Preventative Peace-Making and Environmental Protection
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Support Missile defence program? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Support US-led war in Iraq? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- according to new defence minister, David Pratt
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>-Support gun registry? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- review costs. Reduce compliance requirements for firearms owners and other irritants identified by firearms owners and related businesses.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no- scrap current registry. Hire more officers and register convicted criminals. Crack down on criminals and gun smuggling.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- but review costs
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- but review costs
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
call a public enquiry on the registry. Toughen up gun ownership rules. Decriminalize non-compliance with the national firearms registry and eliminate registration fees
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<i>. </i>
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<b>Economy:</b><i> </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Boost R&D to make businesses more innovative and competitive- increase commercialization. Continue to lower the debt-to-GDP ratio, with the goal of keeping interest rates low and being able to respond to emergencies more quickly and without breaking the bank.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
encourage foreign ownership, remove trade barriers- but economic policies have no environmental clause
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
create a currency common to the whole American continent. Demand that all NAFTA agreements pass through parliament.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Grow the economy and employment by means of a National Environmental Infrastructure Program that would create "green" jobs fixing up municipal water and sewerage systems. Gradually replace top-down regional development agencies with bottom-up, local community economic development agencies.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Sustainable economic sectors
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Tax structure proposed </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no proposed changes. Ontario recently broke no tax hike election promise with health care premium increases. Gas tax to be used in Medicare and cities.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
lower taxes for industry and business, gasoline use, middle-income tax bracket, and expand credits for care-providers at a cost of roughly $37b over 5 years.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
increase tax on large oil companies, end tax havens. Wants millions from federal government for tax money collected paying for services Quebec already offers
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
tax breaks for low-income tax-payers, tax increases for $250,000 and above, inheritance tax on over 1mill amounts, no corporate tax breaks, no tax haven, no GST for essentials, tax capital gains } focus more on social disparities and not on resource use- although well-intended the lack of business incentive measures to complement the changes and promote innovation could hurt Canada's economy.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
shift taxes from income to resource use- increases employment and reduces environmental impact. More tax breaks on the lowest-income Canadians, no tax break for corporate capital gains. Taxes on land use. Tax breaks to environmental innovators and other social considerations i.e.. onsite childcare.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Job creation </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Upgrade skills and training programs. Add 1.3 million new jobs before 2009.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Create jobs by lowering taxes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
oppose relocation of jobs, increase Quebec jobs - narrow focus.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Jobs could have high entry barriers due to union structures & lobby, junior jobs have also suffered from union membership. Although they pledge to create more green jobs, the NDP platform has made softwood lumber, steel, and auto jobs their priority.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Move to conservation and alternative technology promises many new jobs- more than enough to compensate for the phasing out of old polluting industries. Focus on workplace improvements and quality of life at work, match skills and demand better. Less tax=more jobs
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Provincial revenues/ royalties from oil and gas revenues </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Responding to pressure from the Maritimes and the promises made by competing parties, the Liberals agreed to keep $100mill/year and $300mill after 4 years= 100% of royalties.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$250 mill/ year = 100% royalties
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found on the issue
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$250 mill/year = 100% of royalties
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Reduce dependence on non-renewables. Halt petroleum drilling in ecological sensitive areas. Allow lower levels of government to manage their resources.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Adaptability to shocks/ environmental needs </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Use financial instruments- interest rates, debt payments, balanced budget. Climate change, natural disasters are not considered. Problems like mad cow, SARS, avian flu have shown govt. weaknesses
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
not an integral part of policy.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
protectionist of Quebec
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
In the past, the NDP has shown a mediocre ability to adapt to change- i.e. In NS fought to maintain old coal jobs, little break through in approach in order to deal with environmental limits and social problems. Legacies from past governments have limited NDP's promises- need to adapt better.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
green economics is based on maintaining a resilient system and easing adaptation to changing environmental circumstances- treading lightly and in tune with surrounding social and physical circumstances. Create a National Economics Defence Agency for emergency management.
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<b>Education:</b><i> </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Financial help
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Financial help. Indirectly approached- Intend to improve Canada student loan program and reduce financial barriers for low-income students.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
want to handle education autonomously
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Policy tries to make education accessible and not-for-profit. Life-long learning programs. Keep education at a non-profit basis.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
needs-based grants, create mentorship program giving seniors opportunities to interact and transmit knowledge to younger generations, education excluded from trade agreements, education opportunities for new immigrants. Free online multimedia library. More focus on learning-by-doing approach.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Early Childhood education </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
learning account for children in low-income families, $5b Quebec-style national child-care program to be put in place with 250,000 new spaces.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
manage own finances, offer parental leave and low-cost daycare to Quebec
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
promise to increase quality and accessibility. Create 200,000 new child-care spaces within 4 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
prioritize child-care and reduce barriers in early learning for lower-income people. Incorporate into workplace services, multimedia resources, reduce work-week to 32 hours, hold a referendum on national childcare program, increase access to nutritious food.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Advanced education </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
new grants for low-income students
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
administer by province, high-school focus
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Reduce fees by 10% and freeze them. Cut education costs and direct funding towards those in need. Decrease corporate funding. Credit student loan interest rates towards graduate income taxes.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
more core funding for higher learning, industry-cooperative education, opportunities for seniors to engage in higher learning
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<i>. </i>
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<TD><P>
<b>Political/ Electoral Reform: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
free MP vote, parliament to review senior positions, bring in ethics commissioner
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
fixed elections, permanent party membership lists, referendums
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
sovereignty to Quebec
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
abolish the senate, voting at 16 yrs, review senior positions, improve fed-prov-territorial relationships
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Hold a national referendum on the existence of the senate. Fixed election dates and mid-term referendums after 2 years.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Move to proportional representation? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Reform campaign financing? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no- keep public financing
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- eliminate tax-based financing as well as corporate, union, and interest group subsidies and donations. Encourage voluntary donations in income tax forms.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no
</P></TD>
</TR>
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<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
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<b>Social Services: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$2.5b over next 5 years for seniors, disabled, and family care-givers; support Voluntary Sector Initiative
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Programs rest on the individual's freedom. Address some ethnic community issues. Commercial services- open satellite distribution with US. Toughen criminal justice system. Given high costs of platform, lowering taxes, and balance budget promise- social services could see drastic slashes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Increase French services, ask Ottawa to repair Quebec infrastructure and provide for Quebec services
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
NDP's main priorities are social services. There has been an emphasis on the homeless.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Improve and support volunteer sector, greater facilities and equality to people with disabilities, more importance to caregivers.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>Housing programs </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$1.5b increase over the next 5 years, totaling $3.5b in funds for social housing projects
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
fed govt to give 2b for social housing
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
retrofit buildings, improve energy efficiency in housing projects, more money for affordable housing at federal and provincial level.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
credit and loan guarantees to non-profit housing for green building and restoration for seniors and people with special needs. Adapt housing to contemporary needs, promote R-2000 standards, and regulatory reforms to allow off-grid housing. Use land-taxation system to promote ecological housing.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-People with disabilities </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$1b for disabled and senior caregivers and double to $10,000 what caregivers can claim on income taxes for medical and disability costs
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
tax credits to people who care for disabled.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
income safety net, provide more volunteer and work opportunities
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
housing and infrastructure, employment equity, services and equipment, support full integration and acceptance, additional benefits
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Employment Insurance </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Will do changes to correct "anomalies" . Increases EI for Atlantic provinces- in the midst of demands from the region suffering from depleting fish stocks
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Reduce premiums to eliminate annual surplus on EI accounts
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Reimburse employment insurance surpluses, leaving a reasonable amount to deal with arising crises. Wants an autonomous EI office. Prolong the period of EI benefits by 5 weeks. End discrimination to young people.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
make EI more worker-oriented. Allow retraining to occur while on EI. Improve maternity and dependent contract-worker benefits. Reduce hours required to qualify and restore benefits to two-thirds of eligible salary. Increase benefits and speed up application process. Improve benefits to older people. Making the EI account a separate trust fund, not part of the government’s general revenues where premiums are spent on corporate tax cuts instead of insurance for the people who are paying the premiums.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
The Green Party will devote 100% of all EI premiums to employment insurance, adult education and apprenticeship programs.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Abortion </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no change in policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Would allow free vote. Take distance from issue
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
support for better care in abortion practices
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
pro-choice. Main goal- reduce cases of unwanted pregnancies and focus more on contraceptive promotion. Would provide financial support.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Senior programs </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$1.5b guaranteed income supplement for low income seniors. Promote active living
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
tax credits to people who care for seniors.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
income supplements, training programs to adapt to changing jobs, billions to be given from federal funds, old-age pensions
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Improve pension plans and invest in retrofit buildings, easier pension plans for women. But no concrete policy proposed to deal with demographic shocks.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
informed policy- prepared for changing demographics} aging population, economic needs to respond to new demands
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Decentralization/ Regional Issues: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
changes to equalization payments program which will cost more than $12b over the next 4 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
main priority- Quebec-based
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Help municipalities promote public transit and affordable housing
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
democratic and local autonomy for municipalities
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Municipal financial autonomy </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$2b over next 5 years to municipalities from gas tax, infrastructure spending through Green Municipal Funds, eliminate GST on municipal expenditure, $5billion over next 5 years for municipal infrastructure
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
give tax room for provinces and municipalities to fund infrastructure. No federal cost-sharing programs.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
more local control of funding, compensation when Quebec withdraws from areas of responsibility
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Same liberal policy of 5cents per litre of gas to municipalities, GST rebate- but money to be provided right away} this kind of policy promotes an institutional and infrastructure dependence on high gasoline consumption and the automobile society.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Will give a fixed share of federal tax revenue. Will create municipal charters. Is in favour of more municipal autonomy. Negotiate long term arrangements to fund social and environmental policy initiatives, by transferring “tax points” to the provinces and municipalities, with the long term goal of having them control the management of all their programs.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Regional sovereignty </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no changes in current policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
More economic sovereignty. Provinces to keep full revenue from the exploitation of oil and gas and assume volatility of their resources and their dependence on the non-renewables.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
goal of sovereignty for Quebec
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
sympathetic to Quebec sovereignty issue. Promise to abolish Clarity Act.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Recognizes Quebec as "distinct", protects French language, will respect Quebec's right to secede from Canada on the basis of a two-thirds majority vote, allow Quebec to opt out of federal initiatives, support diversity and protection of Quebec culture, allow 3 nominees to sit in the Supreme court.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Bilingualism legislation </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no changes to current policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
mixed messages- criticisms about costs and past complains about enforced/official bilingualism but claims it 'a priority'.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
main lobby for French language in Canada
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no proposed change to policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
To protect the French language
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Aboriginal issues </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Independent centre for First Nations governance, money to urban strategies, more training and education facilities, Accord on Health Care Renewal, more financial vehicles to improve access to capital, clean water projects, Cabinet Committee on Aboriginal Affairs
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Improve economics and social services. Support individual property ownership on reserves. Create a matrimonial property code for broken marriages. No aboriginal government outside existing structures
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
support self-government
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
settle land claims and encourage partnerships with business, training and better social services, infrastructure, justice system reforms, aboriginal MPs, address urban issues, better health care
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Supports first-use hunting, fishing, logging rights. Supports self-governance process and land claims; will improve education, health and other services in line with culturally appropriate strategies; will make it a priority to protect culture.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Arts: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Failed to establish the Council on the Status of the Artist and support self-employed artists through legislation. Leading the little improvements due to long mandate was awarded an A- by Canadian Conference Arts
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy found. Questions the relevance of the CRTC -Canadian Radio Television and Telecommunication Commission. Wants open market for television satellite distribution. Policies could threaten further Canadian culture and media. Awarded a C- by CCA
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
protect Quebec's culture- limited by narrow mandate. Awarded B by CCA
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
graded a B+ by Canadian Conference for Arts- has not been a leader on the issue.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Potential for growth- promises participatory and community arts improvements. Based on early platform draft was awarded B.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Arts as A commodity </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
No policy on arts
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Representation of Quebec's identity
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
support for public broadcasting and CBC with no less then $1b budget, art as cultural identity, sees media ownership concentration as a threat, arts excluded from trade deals
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
more public funding for arts, recognize important cultural role, outlet for progressive change
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Funding and opportunities for artists </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
No funding announced. Record shows continuous decreases in funds available- especially for small-scale artists. Bad regulatory framework and policy development according to CCA
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$300 mil to the arts per year, increase grants, funds, artists incomes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
support for tax exemption of artists' copyright income, support for change to Bill C-12 and freedom of expression
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
expand opportunities for all artist- with particular attention to community, grassroots artistic projects
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Accountability in government: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Sponsorship scandals have damaged credibility.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Use of public money </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Expenditure reviews, disclosure of government contracts, new rules for crown corporations, establish comptrollers to sign off department spending
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$50 million to auditor general. Most public spending directed towards defence programs.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
more regulation, accountability to Quebec needs and demands
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Will support government intervention to use public money to tackle social problems. Use of ethics commissioner, crack-down on conflicts of interest and expense accounts, election funds more accountable, review senior appointments
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Full transparency of government spending. Make accounts public. Provide targeted funding to fulfill our promises to the public, without the expectation or requirement that provinces will always meet us halfway, or hold similar priorities.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Participatory/ democratic mechanisms </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
no changes proposed.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Democracy in party nominations, leadership races, and candidate appointments. Elections for vacancies in the senate. But political dialogue has been limited to certain sections of Canada- business, middle-upper class. Sectors like the arts, environment, grassroots groups, and young people's forums have been excluded
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
limited inclusion outside Quebec. Limited attention to youth concerns. Supports all unanimous decisions by the National
Assembly in Ottawa
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Improve democracy of international trade agreements, corporations, and financial institutions. Protect whistle-blowers in government. internal democracy has been questioned- i.e. Over- representation of Union internal votes and power, internal democracy improvement propositions have been rejected.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
most participatory platform, upholds direct democracy as a core value to the party. Platform has been the result of extensive input from lay citizens and representatives from the whole spectrum of society
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Fiscal Responsibility: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Balanced Budget? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes-claim to balance budget.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes-claim to respect balanced budget, but platform is not frugal so the economics of it could be tied up
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
yes- promise to balance budget but has been criticized in the past for over-spending platforms
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Platform cost </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$27b
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Their platform is estimated at $58b in the next 5 years. But some analysts have said it could go as high as $88b over next 4 years.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$55b in the next 3 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
$60b over next 5 years
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Marijuana: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Favour legalization? </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Decriminalization of small amounts
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
harsh critic of decriminalization policy
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
decriminalization of small amounts
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
non-punitive policy to deal with marijuana use
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
legalize, regulate
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Homosexual Issues: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Same Sex Marriage: </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Has initiated efforts to approve same-sex marriage with questions put to the Supreme Court
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Leader asserts his belief in marriage as an institution for heterosexual couples only. Would not use Supreme court but would rather hold a free vote in parliament.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Majority supports same-sex marriage and leader would put it for a free vote in parliament.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Supports same-sex marriage and would abandon Martin's appeal of the court decision extending retroactive CPP survivor benefits to same-sex couples
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
supports same-sex marriage
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Criminal Justice System:</b><i> </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Hardline approach to criminal acts
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Focus on eliminating poverty and investing in children at risk as root causes of crime
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Reforms to the system </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
work closer with municipalities, provinces, and territories. Internet resources to combat sexual exploitation on children. Create an offence to target human-trafficking. Implement tougher sentencing for gun crimes and trafficking.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Create a national sex offender registry, toughen up convictions and treatment for criminals with no second chances, eliminate loop-holes for child pornography, require consecutive rather than concurrent prison sentences, ban conditional sentences.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Allow lighter sentence for non-violent offenders, increase funding for women's shelters, task force on sex trafficking, help sex workers trying to leave the trade
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Toughen up sentences, bail and release conditions for repeat violent offenders, victim's bill of rights, more support to combat organized crime, sex offender registry, strengthen gun ownership laws, anti-alcohol and anti-drug youth campaign, harm reduction model for hard drugs, transparency on corporate accounting.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Increase the use of sentencing circles, house arrest, community service and civil suits for punitive damages to keep non-violent first offenders out of prison facilities. Keep non-violent individuals who are employed while under house arrest, on parole or performing community service.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>. </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<b>Citizenship and Immigration: </b>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
.
</P></TD>
</TR>
<TR align=Top>
<TD><P>
<i>-Policy focus on integration: </i>
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Speed up immigration process, reduce the backlog of applications, 1,000 foreign-trained medical professionals trained as primary care physicians, provide better information to prospect immigrants about employment opportunities and recognition of qualifications, reform refugee determination system
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Improve recognition of foreign credentials and prior work experience for immigrants
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Better immigration policies to attract immigrants to Quebec. Create a National Institution that promotes Cultural Diversity
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Raise immigration levels to 1% of the population. Enact a once-in-a-lifetime chance for Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor one relative, work with provinces and territories to recognize foreign credentials, eliminate head tax on immigrants, freeze immigration fees and use the money instead for education and skills training, no lengthy delays for processing applications, follow Trudeau-like immigrant laws, allow those who already call Canada home a way to apply for legal status.
</P></TD>
<TD><P>
Remove barriers for reinstating professional credentials, reduce costs of immigration, regulate the practices of "immigration consultants" and punish illegal smugglers, give cultural organizations charitable status, improve language instructions and the education system, Improve the screening system to exclude potential immigrants with criminal histories, Direct special funding to public schools in "landing zones" for new Canadians.
</P></TD>
</TR>
</TABLE</DIV>

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