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Montreal Declaration

The Montreal Declaration

Global Municipal Leaders Declaration on Climate Change
Montreal, Canada, December 7, 2005

Sponsored by:
Councillor Erin Shapero, Town of Markham, Ontario, Canada -
Councillor Elio Di Iorio, Town of Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada,
Kate Holloway, Executive Director, Element Village(Canadian NGO)

To sponsor this declaration please click "edit" and add your name, organization, and email address (optional)

We municipal leaders from around the world meeting at the Fourth Municipal Leaders Summit on Climate Change (summit), in conjunction with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Eleventh Conference on the Parties of COP11 and the first meeting of the Parties (MOP1) hosted by the City of Montreal declare;

WE DO HEREBY DECLARE:
ARTICLE 1 – STATEMENT OF COMMON UNDERSTANDING

1.1 We understand climate change to be part of the planets’ cycle of gradual warming and cooling, a natural process which is being dangerously accelerated by human activity.

1.2 Climate change is the most significant Global challenge facing current and future generations. This clear and present danger demands urgent action and collaboration on the part of all spheres of government and civil society.

1.3 The United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has predicted that the Earth’s average temperature will rise between 1.4 and 5.8 degrees Celsius by the year 2100. Current and future climate change-related weather events will become more severe and extreme than previously documented.

1.4 The current growth driven economic model --measured solely by GDP, combined with prevailing global monetary policy are causing destruction of habitat and the species that depend on them. Unjust patterns of production and consumption are causing the contamination and destruction and of the planet’s natural capital, releasing increasing GHG’s as the planets’ ability to deal with them is further comprised. This ultimately leads to a deterioration of the well-being of human communities and all ecosystems.

2.0













WE DO HEREBY DECLARE:
ARTICLE 2 – STATEMENT OF BELIEFS;

2.0 With more people living in urban centres than ever before, Hyper-urbanization is driving urban growth at an extraordinary pace. Sprawling suburban development undermines sustainability of all communities and enables vehicular transport as the greatest point source of pollution contributing to climate change.

2.1 There are significant opportunities to continually reduce the local government and community’s ecological footprint by addressing issues of land, water, energy and waste.

2.2 The municipal order of government is uniquely positioned to play a critical role in the reduction of GHG emissions and in adapting to climate change, given its broad scope and most personal level of contact. Municipalities can drastically reduce their collective impacts and influence other sectors to follow suit.

2.3 Municipalities witness first hand the impacts of global climate change as they occur. As the local level of government, we are the first responders to crises, disasters and conflict.



























ARTICLE 3 – SIGNATORIES TO THE 2005 INTER-GOVERNMENTAL
DECLARATION ON CLEAN AIR

December 7th, 2005
List signatories







































ARTICLE 4 – CALL FOR INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ACTION

We, Municipal Leaders demand of the international community that;

4.1 All Parties to the Kyoto Protocol begin a process to negotiate an international climate change regime that will go beyond 2012, which will engage all countries and that will improve the use of international mechanisms.

4.2 A path be set towards deep and long-term reductions of greenhouse gas emissions targets; 30% By 2020, and 80% 2050 based on 1990 levels as set out by the COP11 International Youth Declaration.

4.3 Local governments and sub-national governments be recognized formally as partners by the parties of the Kyoto Protocol for the actions they implement which measurably reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

4.4 It immediately initiate a transition towards non combustion energy sources

4.5 Global trade regimes, credits, and banking reserve rules, be reformed to cease rewarding damage to nature’s services.

4.6 All international trade be carbon neutral by 2012.













ARTICLE 5 – GLOBAL MUNICIPAL LEADERS’ COMMITMENT TO ACTION

We, as Global Municipal Leaders will:

5.1 Commit to keep our municipalities at the very forefront of innovations and strategies that foster creativity, compassion and conservation world wide. We commit to change that preserves our communities and which puts our creativity to work for the planet

5.2 Set a path towards deep and long-term reductions of greenhouse gas emissions targets of 30% by 2020, and 80% 2054 based on 1990 levels as per the International Youth Declaration 2005.

5.3 Continue to demonstrate leadership on climate change mitigation and adaptation through actions that lead to measurable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and that ensure communities are strong, safe and resilient.

5.4 Continuously reduce the municipality’s ecological footprint, and ensure that only sustainable and ecologically wise decisions are taken in the areas of:
Ø municipal infrastructure investment
Ø community and land use planning
Ø municipal operations

5.5 Improve our collective capacity to address climate change by continuously and openly integrating, reviewing, improving, reporting, auditing and translating best practices, data, results, methods, tools and experiences, for use anywhere.

5.6 Participate in domestic and international carbon/emission trading regimes.

5.7 Support the immediate initiation of a transition towards clean, non-combustion energy sources.











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