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Kyoto Protocol

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Kyoto Protocol


The Kyoto Protocol is an amendment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international treaty on global warming. It also reaffirms sections of the UNFCCC. Countries which ratify this protocol commit to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases, or engage in emissions trading if they maintain or increase emissions of these gases.

In 2004, the Government of Canada ratified the treaty, although many observers claim no government plan exists to meet requirement of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 6% over 1990 levels by 2012.

Canada's Plan

In 2005, Canada released its climate change plan entitled Project Green – Moving Forward on Climate Change: A Plan for Honouring our Kyoto Commitment"
* According to Project Green, the gap between actual emissions and projected emissions will be at least 270 megatonnes (Mt) by the time of the Kyoto implementation period of 2008-2012 (if emissions continue to increase on a business-as-usual basis).
* In 1990, the base year for the Kyoto Protocol, Canada’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were 596Mt.
* Canada committed at Kyoto in 1997 to reduce its total emissions to 6% below 1990 levels -- or to 560 Mt - by 2008-2012.
* Total Canadian GHG emissions increased by 24% between 1990 and 2003.
* Canada ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2002."

positions


[+] The Kyoto Protocol is a necessary first step against climate change.

[+] Position: The Kyoto Protocol is fundamentally flawed because it exempts developing nations, and should be scrapped.

[+] Position: The Kyoto Protocol is irrelevant, it will not prevent climate change. (Climate change is inevitable)

[+] Position: The economic cost of implimenting the Kyoto Protocol too high.

[+] Postion: The Kyoto Protocol is uncecessary global warming is a good thing.

sources and resources:


Greenpeace (1998) Briefing Paper on the Kyoto Protocol(external link)
Sierra Legal Defence - Kyoto Backgrounder(external link)




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