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House of Commons

House of Commons


The House of Commons (a.k.a. the "house" or the "commons") is one of the houses of the Parliament? of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General? and the Senate. The House of Commons is the main venue for representative democracy in Canada. In a federal election? 308 Members of Parliament? are elected to the house.

In practice, the House of Commons (the lower house) holds more power than the Senate (the upper house), and is the dominant branch of Parliament. Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for legislation, the Senate only rarely rejects bills passed by the Commons. The Government of Canada is responsible solely to the House of Commons; the Prime Minister stays in office only as long as he or she retains the support of the Lower House.

related issues

democratic reform,parliamentary reform?, member of parliament?, backbench MP?, cabinet?, Prime Minister



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