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BSTV+C+P

The BSTV+C+P electoral reform scheme was proposed for consideration in all Canadian province?s except PEI? by the Efficient Civics Guild. It is based on STV+C scheme but adds a small number of proportional member?s to compensate for:
  • variances in member per vote caused by setting strict stable bioregion borders and never adjusting them
  • inherent failures of Single Transferable Vote to guarantee that minor parties are represented at all or independent candidates have any chance to be elected

The number of such proportional members is typically a minimum of 10% of the overall legislature, though it can be varied upwards, it is harder to vary downwards.

The variant B5AV+C+P replaces Single Transferable Vote ranking with five points "plus or minus" can be assigned to any candidate or party on the ballot. This better separates expression of tolerances versus preferences? but is far less familiar to voters than the well-known STV schemes.

The main advantages of BSTV+C+P over other schemes are:
  • electoral districts having circuit representatives who represent sub-districts between elections as "Member for" that circuit - an advantage shared with the STV+C and B5AV+C+P schemes
  • stable bioregional districts: BSTV is a bioregional multi-member district scheme
  • proportional member?s: a small percentage, typically 10% but potentially 1/2 or even 2/3 of the members in some districts, could be elected by party-proportional means; an advantage shared with B5AV+C+P
  • no party list?: when a small percentage of the legislature is elected, as the scheme advises, there is no need for a party list? controlled by the political party, thus no party hacks can maneuver their way onto the list without clear public approval an advantage shared by all STV? schemes

The BSTV+C+P proposal was prepared to influence the Nova Scotia and Ontario electoral reform process and to provide an alternative to British Columbia that would break the impasse there after the BC-STV scheme failed to achieve 60% support in part for failure to address concerns of some minor parties.


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